Barcelona XVIIIth Century, a landscape under construction

water60_01_01-water.jpg by A. Remesar- M. Ríos

 

Abstract

The processes of industrialization marked strong transformations that led to a new way of functioning of the city of Barcelona and a new organization of the territory and society, despite the defeat of 1714 and the New Plant Decree that turned it into a military plaza surrounded by walls and fortresses that drowned its possible growth. Barcelona was the focus of the Industrial Revolution in Spain. This was part of a process of reconstruction of the city, since almost a third of its surface was used for the construction of the Citadel, with demolition of houses and re-installation of population, while rebuilding the houses affected by the bombings.
The liberalization of commerce between the metropolis and the colonies allowed Barcelona to trade with the Caribbean islands, enabling a commercial flow and capital accumulation processes that would lead to the installation of Indian manufactures and, subsequently, the gradual installation of factories based on the use of the Steam energy. The industrial strength of Barcelona led to the creation of the Royal Board of Trade that encouraged trade while creating a series of schools necessary for the training of the specialized staff claimed by the new industry.
The paper explores how enlightened thinking about city making, will develop a set of legal and administrative provisions that will impact on a substantial change, both of housing and urban form.

The moment of citizenship . Social innovation and urban governance

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Marc Pradel MiquelMarisol García CabezaAna Belén Cano HilaFernando Díaz OruetaLídia García FerrandoSantiago Eizaguirre AngladaMaría Luisa Lourés SeoaneRaúl Ruiz Sola

A book that shows the richness and diversity of proposals for social innovation in the cities and neighborhoods of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao and Zaragoza Continue reading The moment of citizenship . Social innovation and urban governance

Public space and terrorism

Journal of a gadabout (11) by Dr. A. Remesar

 

After the terrorist attack of August 2017, a controversy over the use of obstacles in the public space was unleashed in different media with the aim of trying to find solutions to those attack and in order:

1.- To difficults attacks with cars in very busy spaces
2.- To increase the safety of pedestrians

They were shuffling solutions of concrete barriers, large flowerpots …. On the eve of the Christmas holidays, the City of Barcelona, has tightened security in several areas of the city, including Las Ramblas, scene of the August attack. Continue reading Public space and terrorism

Barcelona at ground level (Barcelona a ras de suelo), new book by Danae Esparza, now available

City ground design , which is usually studied from a purely technical perspective and linked to the materials and their characteristics, is a key element in the construction of the image of the city, whether by repetition and extension -the case of panot in Barcelona-, or by individualization and intensity-as it happens with special  or artistic pavements. Continue reading Barcelona at ground level (Barcelona a ras de suelo), new book by Danae Esparza, now available

Barcelona: Polígonos de Vivienda (Barcelona: Housing States, II) New article in On the w@terfront vol 57, nr 2. Published in RACO

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Public space in housing estates: Montbau and Ciutat Meridiana (Barcelona)
In Barcelona, ​​the estates of massive housing evolve in different typologies that culminate in the period of maximum immigration between the years 52 and 75, with the greater production of housing and the development of large groups that are developed based on the functional city, The standardization of the housing unit as a strategy of economic efficiency and the unitary nature of operations, which in typological terms is translated into the adoption of a repetitive and serial composition based on the isolated block and spaces of great extension between the buildings Destined to green area, which brings as a consequence problems with a disjointed position with the rest of the urban fabric, little definition of the public space, lack of equipment and collective infrastructure. The application of this standard as an efficient solution to the demand of housing from a quantitative aspect, will have as a consequence urban groups that will have different results in their processes of future integration to the city, reason why it becomes necessary to determine and to discover which are those other factors that facilitate or hinder the set of events and processes to become pieces of city. Continue reading Barcelona: Polígonos de Vivienda (Barcelona: Housing States, II) New article in On the w@terfront vol 57, nr 2. Published in RACO

Barcelona: Polígonos de Vivienda (Barcelona: Housing States, I) New article in On the w@terfront vol 57, nr 1. Published in RACO

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Some aspects of housing policies in Barcelona
The city of Barcelona experiences during the 20th century an immigration phenomenon that has repercussions on the  problem of housing deficit, which has become especially significant since the 1950s by a series of political, economic and social factors. One of the ways to address this deficit will be through so-called housing states (polígonos) that
define a new relationship between housing and city, and that will have a strong urban impact with the formation of a new periphery and the formation of metropolitan Barcelona. Continue reading Barcelona: Polígonos de Vivienda (Barcelona: Housing States, I) New article in On the w@terfront vol 57, nr 1. Published in RACO