Vol. 64 Núm. 1 (2022): Reintroducir el tranvía

Imbricación urbana del movimiento: continuidad, accesibilidad y estructuración en el Sistema de Tranvía de Ayacucho, Medellín

Emilio Reyes-Schade, Katheryn Gutiérrez-Torres, Padilla-Llano Samuel Esteban

Resumen

Centrados en el sentido de urbanidad, el presente artículo se ha planteado como una aproximación a la capacidad de transformación que tiene el binomio sistema de espacio público – sistema de transporte público, en los procesos de reestructuración y/o recualificación urbana en distintos contextos geográficos. Lo anterior, se aborda en términos de la subsanación o del reacomodo morfológico de ciertas rupturas que presenta el tejido urbano frente a la idea del espacio público como sistema polisémico de articulación, estructuración y soporte de la ciudad. Los aportes urbanos suscitados a partir de la reimplementación del transporte público guiado en la ciudad, pueden apreciarse a la luz del análisis del caso del canal tranviario de Ayacucho en la ciudad de Medellín, actuación urbana que ha representado una herramienta significativa de “hacer ciudad”, de la cual se concluye que se ha consolidado como una pauta de crecimiento que ha permitido, a su vez, proyectar con cierto grado de certeza un desarrollo urbano en un tiempo consensuado a partir de políticas públicas. Esta intervención ha posibilitado también la conformación de un ambiente urbano flexible (polivalente), propicio para la generación de intercambios espontáneos y la reconexión entre las instancias (actividades y lugares) urbanas que presentaba el tejido urbano con las nuevas instancias urbanas que se han generado a partir de la implementación del tranvía.

DOI: 

https://doi.org/10.1344/waterfront2022.64.1.01

Trilogy about Several Urban View and Landscape Prints

A new book by Rosa Vives

Trilogy about Several Urban View and Landscape Prints presents three essays dedicated to the specific observation of prints, by great artists such as Canaletto, Goya, Hokusai and Picasso, whose main theme is the representation of outdoor space: landscapes and urban views. M. Rosa Vives studies the contextualisation of these prints and their creative and iconographic links with tradition, and with other artists and creative media. The works remind us that engraving has been, and continues to be, an artistic medium with its own language, a particular technology, and a sensorial form of expression and communication. They also recall how, before the advent of photography, engraving was a major force behind the spreading of images and culture.

http://www.edicions.ub.edu/ficha.aspx?cod=13945

Workshop on ‘Collective Space’ and Urban Regeneration

Dr. Eduardo Gutiérrez has delivered a workshop on Collective Space’ and Urban Regeneration in the M.A. Urban Design: Art, City, Society at the University of Barcelona.

Dr. Eduardo Gutiérrez is a mexican Architect. Master in Urban Design from the University of Barcelona and Doctor in Public Space and Urban Regeberation from the University of Barcelona.
Now he is Full-time Professor and Researcher, Department of Architecture, Universidad de las Americas Puebla, San Andres Cholula
Academic of the National Academy of Architecture (Mexico)
Associate researcher at the POLIS Research Center (University of Barcelona)

Main publications

  • 2013 Equipamientos culturales como factor de cohesión urbana dentro de los procesos de regeneración en la ciudad. El caso de La Filmoteca de Cataluña en el barrio del Raval, Barcelona. (Trabajo Final Máster) http://hdl.handle.net/2445/44870
  • 2019 El papel del espacio colectivo dentro de los procesos de regeneración urbana. (Tesis Doctoral) http://hdl.handle.net/10803/405988
  • 2019 Schumacher, Melissa, Pamela Durán-Díaz, Anne K. Kurjenoja, Eduardo Gutiérrez-Juárez, and David A. González-Rivas . “Evolution and Collapse of Ejidos in Mexico—To What Extent Is Communal Land Used for Urban Development?” Land 8, no. 10: 146. https://doi.org/10.3390/land8100146
  • 2021 Chi, Doris A., Edwin González M., Renato Valdivia, and Eduardo Gutiérrez J.. “Parametric Design and Comfort Optimization of Dynamic Shading Structures” Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7670. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147670
  • 2021 Eduardo Gutiérrez, Melissa Schumacher, Anne Kurjenoja Manifiestos:visiones de la Arquitectura (libro). UDLAP. San Andrés de Cholula

Emerging practices in public space projects: the case of via Argentina in Panama City

By José Antonio De Gracia DOI: https://doi.org/10.1344/waterfront2021.63.6.01

Cover Page

Abstract

This article uses an urban intervention in Panama City to discuss fundamental concepts in public space projects from a critical and theoretical perspective.


First, the functions of the street as a basic structure of public space are illustrated. Its importance is recognized not only as an element of urban connectivity, but also as a place of movement, encounter, support and creation of urban meanings and social identities.


Secondly, our case study is contextualized: the urban renewal of via Argentina, a street in the urban center whose environment was in a state of degradation like most streets in the city, largely occupied by the presence of vehicles. The intervention is part of a series of urban projects aimed at improving the physical structure of the city.
The third section begins a critical analysis of the actions on Via Argentina, starting with the redistribution of street space, the relationship between vehicles and pedestrians, and the consolidation of public space.


Next, we discuss in detail the new primary elements used for the urbanization of the street. Curbs, fords, pavement, rigola, gutters, tree surrounds and bollards become part of a system that must maintain a coherent relationship between all its parts. In addition, emphasis is placed on the design of the ground and the application of the pavement as a tool for the construction of an urban image and identity.
Finally, the article ends with an analysis of the parameters of accessibility in the project, relating the concept to the use of the pavement and the configuration in some sections of the street as a single platform. The article uses a wide repertoire of documentary photography to contextualize the case study.

Keywords

Urban design; Public space; Pavement; Universal accessibility; Single platform; Via Argentina; Panama City.

Exhibiting Architecture

By Cristián Felipe Bustamante Prieto, Angelique Trachana

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1344/waterfront2021.63.3.01

Cover Image

Abstract

The aim of this research is, from a historical perspective, to establish a possible relationship between the themes of the Biennials of Chilean Architecture and the Exhibition Montages, during the 43 years since its foundation.


From this communication project, carried out by the College of Architects, a categorization of the exhibition spaces in relation to the theme of the Biennial has been deduced through conceptual models defined as metaphor, literalness or materiality.

Keywords

Architectural communication; Architecture Biennial; exhibition space; montage, materiality

The Palgrave Handbook of Co-Production of Public Services and Outcomes

Elke Loeffler (Senior Lecturer at the University of Strathclyde, Scotland, and Director of the non-profit organization Governance International.) and Tony Bovaird (Emeritus Professor of Public Management and Policy at the University of Birmingham, UK, and Chief Executive of Governance International), are the editors of this new book by Palgrave.

Continue reading The Palgrave Handbook of Co-Production of Public Services and Outcomes

Tactical urbanism for the pandemic

An urban perspective of the pandemic in Panama

José Antomio De Gracia

Abstract

The following essay seeks to highlight the effects of the pandemic on the way we inhabit and build cities. We understand that before the outbreak of the social-health crisis of COVID-19, as in many places in Latin America, Panama was at a time when its urban, social and economic model had entered a phase of exhaustion and is now escalating at an even higher level. The pandemic has revealed the negative effects of urban sprawl, segregation of housing and disappearance of public space that now become an obstacle to controlling the spread of the virus.

Continue reading Tactical urbanism for the pandemic

Art in the streets

The busker seen by citizens: attitudes towards music street music in Spain (spanish)

Alicia Martínez Gil

Abstract

In this article, we will examine the results of a brief study of citizens’ attitudes, while developing the degree of exchange and satisfaction that exists of street music in Spain.

The continuous regulations and the new use of urban spaces have added value street music as artistic and cultural category. The public, in addition to establishing the criteria surrounding this musical practice, exposes the problems of social coexistence that this activity generates.

Keywords Public Space; Street Art; Urban sociology; street music

Public Art in Urban Regeneration. Piotrkowska street. Pride of a city: Łódź

Piotrkowska street is the centre of Łodz. A continuous axis of more than 4 km that runs through the territory from north to south. A long shopping street divided into two clearly differentiated sections. The first from Wolności Square to Centrum Piotrkowska (approx. 2km and cross section between 16 and 24m). The second from Centrum Piotrkowska to Niepodległości square (approx 2.2 Km and cross section between 25
and 30m). From the very beginning, the street was the central axis around which the city was developing, and its development spontaneously gave the present shape to its centre.

In the second section of the street, trams circulate and, despite having some important heritage facilities such as the “White Factory”, the former headquarters of the Karol Scheibler industries and today the
headquarters of the Central Textile Museum, it does not have the recognition that the first stretch.

The first section of the street is the one that appears in all tourist guides, is the commercial and cultural heart of the city, a favourite meeting place for Łódź residents and tourists. Here festivals, concerts, sporting
events, parties and fairs take place.

Piotrkowska street still is flagship of the urban regeneration processes in Łódź, along with Manufaktura, and the mega urban regeneration project Nowe Centrum, with the city’s new central station, the EC1 cultural
complex, and the expansion of the University of Łódź campus. Territory in which the Expo 2022 was to be developed, which will finally be held in Buenos Aires. Piotrkowska’s urban regeneration process clearly incorporates a public art strategy. The particularity of this strategy lies in its contents, specifically those who propose, manifest or emphasize the “pride of the city”.

Keywords

Piotrkowska street; Lodz; Urban Regeneration; Public Art; Public Space

AEC4 new schedule of activities

Dear Colleagues,

together with our partners: Univeristat de Barcelona and the Urban Forms Foundation, we have decided to postpone the AEC4 conference until spring 2021. Thus we meet the expectations of our conference participants.

We have no guarantee that the situation with Covid 19 will have become stable by autumn and we would like to preserve the specificity of the conference drawing from the experience of the city. We hope that it will be possible to organize a live conference next year.

We invite you to participate in the AEC4 Conference on April 9-11, 2021. Please check the new schedule of our activities http://aecity.uni.lodz.pl/schedule/